What is steroid hormone?
Steroids are a general term for a series of chemical substances with similar structures. The steroids in the general public are actually one of the steroids, Corticosteroids. Corticosteroids are also produced and secreted by the human adrenal gland under normal conditions, and are essential hormones for the human body. There are two major classes of corticosteroids – glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids.
What is the effect of corticosteroids on the body?
Improve the metabolic rate of amino acids (proteins), fats and glycosamino acids, and accelerate the manufacture of glucose
Suppress the immune system?
- Affecting emotions, producing positive or negative emotional reactions such as excitement or depression
- Mineralocorticoids affect the balance of body electrolytes, accelerate the loss of potassium and slow the loss of sodium (salt)
- Affects the balance of body electrolytes, accelerates the loss of potassium and slows down the loss of sodium (salt)
What is the medical benefit of corticosteroids?
- Regulate the overactive immune system
- Contractile blood vessel
- Hormone replacement drug
What conditions can corticosteroids be used to treat?
Corticosteroids are used in a wide variety of applications, including:
- Arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis
- Nasal sensitivity
- Dermatitis, such as atopic, eczema dermatitis, contact dermatitis, liposuction dermatitis
- Immune system diseases such as lupus erythematosus and transplant rejection
- Partial malignant tumor
- Adrenaline deficiency
It is important to note that corticosteroids can only be used as a soothing symptom and do not cure the condition.
What is the dosage form of corticosteroids?
Corticosteroids come in different dosage forms to suit different parts and diseases, including:
- Oral steroids (tablets, syrups, etc.): Oral steroids are easily absorbed by the digestive system and then enter the blood circulatory system, followed by blood to various parts of the body, and are often used for the treatment of systemic diseases such as immune system diseases.
- Topical steroids (ointments, creams, eye drops, etc.): Targeted attachment to the affected area, to avoid other tissues in the body affected by drugs, suitable for local skin tissue allergies or inflammation, but the effect is slower than systemic steroids.
- Steroid sprays/absorbents: Many for respiratory problems such as nasal sensitivity, asthma, etc.
- Steroid injections: Skip the digestive system directly into the blood circulation system, suitable for patients who cannot use oral steroids due to peptic ulcers or other reasons.
What are the side effects of using corticosteroids?
Generally, the body has its own corticosteroids, so proper doses of steroids usually do not cause very serious side effects. However, if the steroids are used in large quantities for a long time, there will be a greater risk of causing the following side effects:
- Systematic steroids (oral, intravenous/intramuscular):
- Digestive system discomfort such as nausea, constipation, etc.
- Headache, insomnia, tiredness
- decrease in immunity
- Wound healing slows down
- Appetite enhancement
- Periodical change
- Blood pressure, blood sugar rise
- adrenal atrophy
- fat transfer, resulting in a belly or commonly known as buffalo back, moon face
- muscle atrophy
- corticosteroid dependence
- Increase risk of arthritis and osteoporosis
- Local skin discomfort such as itching, stinging, erythema
- skin atrophy, skin lines, subcutaneous vasospasm
- dermatitis, folliculitis, skin discoloration
- Steroid spray/suction
- hoarse voice
- Sore throat
- What medicinal ingredients are corticosteroids?
- Commonly available corticosteroids are:
The structure of some steroids may have been adjusted at the time of prescription, with similar but different names such as Betamethasone acetate. Most of these are corticosteroids, but if you want to confirm, you can check with your doctor or pharmacist.
What do you need to pay attention to when using steroids?
Can’t extend the course by yourself
Pay attention to the body’s inflammation of the local skin such as redness, pus, ulcers and pustules or other complications and systemic infections such as fever, bone pain, joint pain and so on. Contact your doctor immediately if symptoms appear.
Under no circumstances should the drug be stopped by itself: long-term use of steroids may, to a certain extent, allow the adrenal gland to rely on foreign corticosteroids and reduce the secretion of corticosteroids. If you stop the drug suddenly, it may cause acute corticosteroid deficiency, which affects the normal functioning of the body. Patients who use systemic steroids for more than ten days should gradually reduce the dose of the drug according to the doctor’s instructions and then slowly stop taking the drug.
Pay attention to diet. The use of systemic steroids will speed up the body’s production of glucose and enhance appetite. Therefore, pay attention to balanced nutrition, so as to avoid excessive blood sugar and excessive weight gain.
Forty-eight hours to avoid harsh joints after injection
After use, rinse with water and then spit it out to wash away the residual drug in the mouth, reducing the effect of the drug on the oral mucosa.
Do not apply steroids to areas other than the affected area, and do not try to use topical steroids to treat conditions outside the prescription.
Do not cover the area of topical steroids with tape or tape unless instructed by your doctor.
Pay attention to the symptoms of drug allergy such as tingling, redness, skin atrophy or infection. Contact your doctor immediately if symptoms appear
Avoid using thinner areas such as the face (especially close to the eye), neck, underarms, and skin, such as behind the knees and in front of the elbow, unless directed by a doctor. Because steroids are more likely to be used. absorb.
Wash your hands thoroughly after applying topical steroids to avoid accidentally rubbing the ointment on your face or other location.